Spring Boot服務組件

服務組件(Service Components)是包含[@Service](https://github.com/Service "@Service")註釋的類文件。 這些類文件用於在不同的層中編寫業務邏輯,與[@RestController](https://github.com/RestController "@RestController")類文件分開。 此處顯示了創建服務組件類文件的邏輯 -

public interface ProductService {
}

使用[@Service](https://github.com/Service "@Service")註釋實現接口的類如下所示 -

@Service
public class ProductServiceImpl implements ProductService {
}

請注意,在本教程中使用Product Service API來存儲,檢索,更新和刪除產品。 在[@RestController](https://github.com/RestController "@RestController")類文件中編寫了業務邏輯。現在將業務邏輯代碼從控制器移動到服務組件。
使用如下所示的代碼創建包含添加,編輯,獲取和刪除方法的接口 -

package com.yiibai.demo.service;

import java.util.Collection;
import com.yiibai.demo.model.Product;

public interface ProductService {
   public abstract void createProduct(Product product);
   public abstract void updateProduct(String id, Product product);
   public abstract void deleteProduct(String id);
   public abstract Collection<Product> getProducts();
}

以下代碼將允許創建一個使用[@Service](https://github.com/Service "@Service")批註實現ProductService接口的類,並編寫業務邏輯以存儲,檢索,刪除和更新產品。

package com.yiibai.demo.service;

import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import com.yiibai.demo.model.Product;

@Service
public class ProductServiceImpl implements ProductService {
   private static Map<String, Product> productRepo = new HashMap<>();
   static {
      Product honey = new Product();
      honey.setId("1");
      honey.setName("Honey");
      productRepo.put(honey.getId(), honey);

      Product almond = new Product();
      almond.setId("2");
      almond.setName("Almond");
      productRepo.put(almond.getId(), almond);
   }
   @Override
   public void createProduct(Product product) {
      productRepo.put(product.getId(), product);
   }
   @Override
   public void updateProduct(String id, Product product) {
      productRepo.remove(id);
      product.setId(id);
      productRepo.put(id, product);
   }
   @Override
   public void deleteProduct(String id) {
      productRepo.remove(id);

   }
   @Override
   public Collection<Product> getProducts() {
      return productRepo.values();
   }
}

這裏的代碼顯示了Rest控制器類文件,這裏使用[@Autowired](https://github.com/Autowired "@Autowired")添加到ProductService接口並調用了方法。

package com.yiibai.demo.controller;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus;
import org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import com.yiibai.demo.model.Product;
import com.yiibai.demo.service.ProductService;

@RestController
public class ProductServiceController {
   @Autowired
   ProductService productService;

   @RequestMapping(value = "/products")
   public ResponseEntity<Object> getProduct() {
      return new ResponseEntity<>(productService.getProducts(), HttpStatus.OK);
   }
   @RequestMapping(value = "/products/{id}", method = RequestMethod.PUT)
   public ResponseEntity<Object> 
      updateProduct(@PathVariable("id") String id, @RequestBody Product product) {

      productService.updateProduct(id, product);
      return new ResponseEntity<>("Product is updated successsfully", HttpStatus.OK);
   }
   @RequestMapping(value = "/products/{id}", method = RequestMethod.DELETE)
   public ResponseEntity<Object> delete(@PathVariable("id") String id) {
      productService.deleteProduct(id);
      return new ResponseEntity<>("Product is deleted successsfully", HttpStatus.OK);
   }
   @RequestMapping(value = "/products", method = RequestMethod.POST)
   public ResponseEntity<Object> createProduct(@RequestBody Product product) {
      productService.createProduct(product);
      return new ResponseEntity<>("Product is created successfully", HttpStatus.CREATED);
   }
}

POJO類的代碼 - Product.java 代碼如下所示 -

package com.yiibai.demo.model;

public class Product {
   private String id;
   private String name;

   public String getId() {
      return id;
   }
   public void setId(String id) {
      this.id = id;
   }
   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }
   public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
   }
}

下面是主Spring Boot應用程序的代碼 -

package com.yiibai.demo;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class DemoApplication {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      SpringApplication.run(DemoApplication.class, args);
   }
}

Maven構建文件 - pom.xml 如下所示 -

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns = "http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" 
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 
   http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">

   <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
   <groupId>com.yiibai</groupId>
   <artifactId>demo</artifactId>
   <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
   <packaging>jar</packaging>
   <name>demo</name>
   <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

   <parent>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
      <version>1.5.8.RELEASE</version>
      <relativePath/> 
   </parent>

   <properties>
      <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
      <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
      <java.version>1.8</java.version>
   </properties>

   <dependencies>
      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
         <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
      </dependency>

      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
         <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
         <scope>test</scope>
      </dependency>
   </dependencies>

   <build>
      <plugins>
         <plugin>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
         </plugin>
      </plugins>
   </build>

</project>

Gradle構建文件:build.gradle 的代碼如下所示 -

buildscript {
   ext {
      springBootVersion = '1.5.8.RELEASE'
   }
   repositories {
      mavenCentral()
   }
   dependencies {
      classpath("org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-gradle-plugin:${springBootVersion}")
   }
}

apply plugin: 'java'
apply plugin: 'eclipse'
apply plugin: 'org.springframework.boot'

group = 'com.yiibai'
version = '0.0.1-SNAPSHOT'
sourceCompatibility = 1.8

repositories {
   mavenCentral()
}
dependencies {
   compile('org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web')
   testCompile('org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-test')
}

創建一個可執行的JAR文件,並使用下面給出的Maven或Gradle命令運行Spring Boot應用程序。

對於Maven,使用如下所示的命令 -

mvn clean install

在「BUILD SUCCESS」之後,在target目錄下找到JAR文件。

對於Gradle,使用如下所示的命令 -

gradle clean build

在「BUILD SUCCESSFUL」之後,在build/libs 目錄下找到JAR文件。

使用下面給出的命令運行JAR文件 -

java –jar <JARFILE>

現在,應用程序已在Tomcat端口8080上啓動。

現在點擊 POSTMAN 應用程序中的以下URL,可看到如下所示的輸出 -
GET API URL - http://localhost:8080/products
Spring Boot服務組件

POST API URL - http://localhost:8080/products

Spring Boot服務組件

PUT API URL − http://localhost:8080/products/3

Spring Boot服務組件

DELETE API URL - http://localhost:8080/products/3

Spring Boot服務組件