Spring Boot文件處理

在本章中,將學習如何使用Web服務上載和下載文件。

上傳文件

對於上載文件,要將MultipartFile用作請求參數,此API應使用多部分表單數據值。 觀察下面給出的代碼 -

@RequestMapping(value = "/upload", method = RequestMethod.POST, consumes = MediaType.MULTIPART_FORM_DATA_VALUE)

public String fileUpload(@RequestParam("file") MultipartFile file) {
   return null;
}

下面給出了相同的完整代碼 -

package com.yiibai.demo.controller;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile;

@RestController
public class FileUploadController {
   @RequestMapping(value = "/upload", method = RequestMethod.POST, 
      consumes = MediaType.MULTIPART_FORM_DATA_VALUE)

   public String fileUpload(@RequestParam("file") MultipartFile file) throws IOException {
      File convertFile = new File("/var/tmp/"+file.getOriginalFilename());
      convertFile.createNewFile();
      FileOutputStream fout = new FileOutputStream(convertFile);
      fout.write(file.getBytes());
      fout.close();
      return "File is upload successfully";
   }
}

文件下載

對於文件下載,應該使用InputStreamResource下載文件。需要在Response中設置HttpHeader Content-Disposition,並且需要指定應用程序的響應Media Type

注 - 在以下示例中,文件應在運行應用程序的指定路徑上可用。

@RequestMapping(value = "/download", method = RequestMethod.GET) 
public ResponseEntity<Object> downloadFile() throws IOException  {
   String filename = "/var/tmp/mysql.png";
   File file = new File(filename);
   InputStreamResource resource = new InputStreamResource(new FileInputStream(file));
   HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();

   headers.add("Content-Disposition", String.format("attachment; filename=\\"%s\\"", file.getName()));
   headers.add("Cache-Control", "no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate");
   headers.add("Pragma", "no-cache");
   headers.add("Expires", "0");

   ResponseEntity<Object> 
   responseEntity = ResponseEntity.ok().headers(headers).contentLength(file.length()).contentType(
      MediaType.parseMediaType("application/txt")).body(resource);

   return responseEntity;
}

下面給出了相同的完整代碼 -

package com.yiibai.demo.controller;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

import org.springframework.core.io.InputStreamResource;
import org.springframework.http.HttpHeaders;
import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@RestController
public class FileDownloadController {
   @RequestMapping(value = "/download", method = RequestMethod.GET) 
   public ResponseEntity<Object> downloadFile() throws IOException  {
      String filename = "/var/tmp/mysql.png";
      File file = new File(filename);
      InputStreamResource resource = new InputStreamResource(new FileInputStream(file));
      HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();

      headers.add("Content-Disposition", String.format("attachment; filename=\\"%s\\"", file.getName()));
      headers.add("Cache-Control", "no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate");
      headers.add("Pragma", "no-cache");
      headers.add("Expires", "0");

      ResponseEntity<Object> 
      responseEntity = ResponseEntity.ok().headers(headers).contentLength(
         file.length()).contentType(MediaType.parseMediaType("application/txt")).body(resource);

      return responseEntity;
   }
}

主要的Spring Boot應用程序如下 -

package com.yiibai.demo;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class DemoApplication {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      SpringApplication.run(DemoApplication.class, args);
   }
}

Maven構建文件 - pom.xml 的代碼如下 -

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns = "http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" 
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 
   http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd"> 

   <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
   <groupId>com.yiibai</groupId>
   <artifactId>demo</artifactId>
   <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
   <packaging>jar</packaging>
   <name>demo</name>
   <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

   <parent>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
      <version>1.5.8.RELEASE</version>
      <relativePath/> 
   </parent>

   <properties>
      <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
      <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
      <java.version>1.8</java.version>
   </properties>

   <dependencies>
      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
         <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
      </dependency>

      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
         <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
         <scope>test</scope>
      </dependency>
   </dependencies>

   <build>
      <plugins>
         <plugin>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
         </plugin>
      </plugins>
   </build>

</project>

Gradle構建文件 - build.gradle 的代碼如下 -

buildscript {
   ext {
      springBootVersion = '1.5.8.RELEASE'
   }
   repositories {
      mavenCentral()
   }
   dependencies {
      classpath("org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-gradle-plugin:${springBootVersion}")
   }
}

apply plugin: 'java'
apply plugin: 'eclipse'
apply plugin: 'org.springframework.boot'

group = 'com.yiibai'
version = '0.0.1-SNAPSHOT'
sourceCompatibility = 1.8

repositories {
   mavenCentral()
}
dependencies {
   compile('org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web')
   testCompile('org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-test')
}

現在創建一個可執行的JAR文件,並使用下面給出的Maven或Gradle命令運行Spring Boot應用程序:

對於Maven,請使用下面給出的命令 -

mvn clean install

在「BUILD SUCCESS」之後,在target目錄下找到JAR文件。

對於Gradle,可以使用下面顯示的命令 -

gradle clean build

在「BUILD SUCCESSFUL」之後,在build/libs 目錄下找到JAR文件。

現在,使用以下命令運行JAR文件 -

java –jar <JARFILE>

這將在Tomcat端口8080上啓動應用程序。
現在點擊 POSTMAN 應用程序中的以下URL,可以看到如下所示的輸出 -
文件上傳 - http://localhost:8080/upload

文件下載 - http://localhost:8080/download

Spring Boot文件處理