Spring Boot創建Docker鏡像

Docker是一種容器管理服務,可以簡化構建和部署。 如果是Docker的初學者,可以通過以下鏈接瞭解詳細信息 - https://www.yiibai.com/docker/

在本章中,將看到如何通過爲Spring Boot應用程序使用Maven和Gradle依賴項來創建Docker鏡像。

創建Dockerfile

首先,在目錄src/main/docker下創建一個名爲Dockerfile的文件,其內容如下所示。 請注意,此文件對於創建Docker鏡像很重要。

FROM java:8
VOLUME /tmp
ADD dockerapp-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar app.jar
RUN bash -c 'touch /app.jar'
ENTRYPOINT ["java","-Djava.security.egd=file:/dev/./urandom","-jar","/app.jar"]

Maven構建文件

對於Maven,將Docker Maven插件添加到構建配置文件pom.xml 中,

<properties>
   <docker.image.prefix>spring-boot-yiibai</docker.image.prefix>
</properties>

<build>
   <plugins>
      <plugin>
         <groupId>com.spotify</groupId>
         <artifactId>docker-maven-plugin</artifactId>
         <version>1.0.0</version>

         <configuration>
            <imageName>${docker.image.prefix}/${project.artifactId}</imageName>
            <dockerDirectory>src/main/docker</dockerDirectory>
            <resources>
               <resource>
                  <directory>${project.build.directory}</directory>
                  <include>${project.build.finalName}.jar</include>
               </resource>
            </resources>
         </configuration>
      </plugin>

      <plugin>
         <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
         <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
      </plugin>
   </plugins>

</build>

完整的pom.xml 文件如下 -

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns = "http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" 
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 
   http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">

   <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
   <groupId>com.yiibai</groupId>
   <artifactId>dockerapp</artifactId>
   <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
   <packaging>jar</packaging>
   <name>dockerapp</name>
   <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

   <parent>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
      <version>1.5.9.RELEASE</version>
      <relativePath /> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
   </parent>

   <properties>
      <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
      <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
      <java.version>1.8</java.version>
      <docker.image.prefix>spring-boot-yiibai</docker.image.prefix>
   </properties>

   <dependencies>
      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
         <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
      </dependency>
      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
         <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
         <scope>test</scope>
      </dependency>
   </dependencies>

   <build>
      <plugins>
         <plugin>
            <groupId>com.spotify</groupId>
            <artifactId>docker-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            <version>1.0.0</version>

            <configuration>
               <imageName>${docker.image.prefix}/${project.artifactId}</imageName>
               <dockerDirectory>src/main/docker</dockerDirectory>
               <resources>
                  <resource>
                     <directory>${project.build.directory}</directory>
                     <include>${project.build.finalName}.jar</include>
                  </resource>
               </resources>
            </configuration>
         </plugin>

         <plugin>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
         </plugin>
      </plugins>
   </build>

</project>

現在,可以使用Maven命令mvn package docker:build來運行應用程序

- 在沒有TLS的情況下在tcp://localhost:2375 上啓用Expose守護程序。

構建成功後,可以在控制檯上看到輸出,如下所示 -
Spring Boot創建Docker鏡像

現在,通過命令使用docker images命令來查看Docker鏡像,並在控制檯上查看鏡像信息。

Spring Boot創建Docker鏡像

Gradle

要使用Gradle構建配置構建Docker鏡像,需要添加docker插件並需要編寫任務buildDocker來創建Docker鏡像。

Gradle Docker配置的代碼如下。

buildscript {
   .....
   dependencies {
      .....
      classpath('se.transmode.gradle:gradle-docker:1.2')
   }
}

group = 'spring-boot-yiibai'

.....
apply plugin: 'docker'

task buildDocker(type: Docker, dependsOn: build) {
   applicationName = jar.baseName
   dockerfile = file('src/main/docker/Dockerfile')
   doFirst {
      copy {
         from jar
         into stageDir
      }
   }
}

完整的 build.gradle 文件如下所示。

buildscript {
   ext {
      springBootVersion = '1.5.9.RELEASE'
   }
   repositories {
      mavenCentral()
   }
   dependencies {
      classpath("org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-gradle-plugin:${springBootVersion}")
      classpath('se.transmode.gradle:gradle-docker:1.2')
   }
}

group = 'spring-boot-yiibai'

apply plugin: 'java'
apply plugin: 'eclipse'
apply plugin: 'org.springframework.boot'
apply plugin: 'docker'

group = 'com.yiibai'
version = '0.0.1-SNAPSHOT'
sourceCompatibility = 1.8

repositories {
   mavenCentral()
}
dependencies {
   compile('org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web')
   testCompile('org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-test')
}
task buildDocker(type: Docker, dependsOn: build) {
   applicationName = jar.baseName
   dockerfile = file('src/main/docker/Dockerfile')
   doFirst {
      copy {
         from jar
         into stageDir
      }
   }
}

現在,使用下面命令創建Docker鏡像 -

gradle build buildDocker

執行該命令後,可以在控制檯窗口中看到BUILD SUCCESSFUL 日誌。