SQL RAND()函數

SQL RAND函數被調用產生0和1之間的一個隨機數:

SQL> SELECT RAND( ), RAND( ), RAND( ); +------------------+-----------------+------------------+ | RAND( ) | RAND( ) | RAND( ) | +------------------+-----------------+------------------+ | 0.45464584925645 | 0.1824410643265 | 0.54826780459682 | +------------------+-----------------+------------------+ 1 row in set (0.00 sec)

當一個整數參數調用,RAND()使用該值作爲隨機數發生器的種子。每次種子生成器使用給定值,RAND()會產生重複的一系列數字:

SQL> SELECT RAND(1), RAND( ), RAND( ); +------------------+------------------+------------------+ | RAND(1 ) | RAND( ) | RAND( ) | +------------------+------------------+------------------+ | 0.18109050223705 | 0.75023211143001 | 0.20788908117254 | +------------------+------------------+------------------+ 1 row in set (0.00 sec)

可以使用ORDER BY RAND()來隨機化一組行或值如下:

爲了理解ORDER BY rand()函數,考慮一個employee_tbl表,其具有以下記錄:

SQL> SELECT * FROM employee_tbl; +------+------+------------+--------------------+ | id | name | work_date | daily_typing_pages | +------+------+------------+--------------------+ | 1 | John | 2007-01-24 | 250 | | 2 | Ram | 2007-05-27 | 220 | | 3 | Jack | 2007-05-06 | 170 | | 3 | Jack | 2007-04-06 | 100 | | 4 | Jill | 2007-04-06 | 220 | | 5 | Zara | 2007-06-06 | 300 | | 5 | Zara | 2007-02-06 | 350 | +------+------+------------+--------------------+ 7 rows in set (0.00 sec)

現在,使用以下命令:

SQL> SELECT * FROM employee_tbl ORDER BY RAND(); +------+------+------------+--------------------+ | id | name | work_date | daily_typing_pages | +------+------+------------+--------------------+ | 5 | Zara | 2007-06-06 | 300 | | 3 | Jack | 2007-04-06 | 100 | | 3 | Jack | 2007-05-06 | 170 | | 2 | Ram | 2007-05-27 | 220 | | 4 | Jill | 2007-04-06 | 220 | | 5 | Zara | 2007-02-06 | 350 | | 1 | John | 2007-01-24 | 250 | +------+------+------------+--------------------+ 7 rows in set (0.01 sec) SQL> SELECT * FROM employee_tbl ORDER BY RAND(); +------+------+------------+--------------------+ | id | name | work_date | daily_typing_pages | +------+------+------------+--------------------+ | 5 | Zara | 2007-02-06 | 350 | | 2 | Ram | 2007-05-27 | 220 | | 3 | Jack | 2007-04-06 | 100 | | 1 | John | 2007-01-24 | 250 | | 4 | Jill | 2007-04-06 | 220 | | 3 | Jack | 2007-05-06 | 170 | | 5 | Zara | 2007-06-06 | 300 | +------+------+------------+--------------------+ 7 rows in set (0.00 sec)

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