OpenCV使用攝像頭

在本章中,我們將學習如何使用OpenCV使用系統攝像頭捕獲幀。org.opencv.videoio包中的VideoCapture類包含使用相機捕獲視頻的類和方法。下面來一步一步學習如何捕捉幀 -

第1步:加載OpenCV本機庫

在使用OpenCV庫編寫Java代碼時,使用loadLibrary()加載OpenCV本地庫。加載OpenCV本機庫,如下所示 -

// Loading the core library 
System.loadLibrary(Core.NATIVE_LIBRARY_NAME);

第2步:實例化視頻捕獲類

使用本教程前面提到的函數來實例化Mat類。

// Instantiating the VideoCapture class (camera:: 0) 
VideoCapture capture = new VideoCapture(0);

第3步:閱取幀

可以使用VideoCapture類的read()方法從相機讀取幀。此方法接受類Mat的對象來存儲讀取的幀。

// Reading the next video frame from the camera 
Mat matrix = new Mat(); 
capture.read(matrix);

示例

以下程序演示如何使用相機捕捉幀並使用JavaFX窗口顯示。它也保存捕獲的幀。

package com.yiibai.cameraface;

import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.awt.image.DataBufferByte;
import java.awt.image.WritableRaster;

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.embed.swing.SwingFXUtils;
import javafx.scene.Group;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.image.ImageView;
import javafx.scene.image.WritableImage;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

import org.opencv.core.Core;
import org.opencv.core.Mat;
import org.opencv.imgcodecs.Imgcodecs;
import org.opencv.videoio.VideoCapture;

public class CameraSnapshotJavaFX extends Application {
   Mat matrix = null;

   @Override
   public void start(Stage stage) throws FileNotFoundException, IOException {
      // Capturing the snapshot from the camera
      CameraSnapshotJavaFX obj = new CameraSnapshotJavaFX();
      WritableImage writableImage = obj.capureSnapShot();

      // Saving the image
      obj.saveImage();

      // Setting the image view
      ImageView imageView = new ImageView(writableImage);

      // setting the fit height and width of the image view
      imageView.setFitHeight(400);
      imageView.setFitWidth(600);

      // Setting the preserve ratio of the image view
      imageView.setPreserveRatio(true);

      // Creating a Group object
      Group root = new Group(imageView);

      // Creating a scene object
      Scene scene = new Scene(root, 600, 400);

      // Setting title to the Stage
      stage.setTitle("Capturing an image");

      // Adding scene to the stage
      stage.setScene(scene);

      // Displaying the contents of the stage
      stage.show();
   }
   public WritableImage capureSnapShot() {
      WritableImage WritableImage = null;

      // Loading the OpenCV core library
      System.loadLibrary( Core.NATIVE_LIBRARY_NAME );

      // Instantiating the VideoCapture class (camera:: 0)
      VideoCapture capture = new VideoCapture(0);

      // Reading the next video frame from the camera
      Mat matrix = new Mat();
      capture.read(matrix);

      // If camera is opened
      if( capture.isOpened()) {
         // If there is next video frame
         if (capture.read(matrix)) {
            // Creating BuffredImage from the matrix
            BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(matrix.width(), 
               matrix.height(), BufferedImage.TYPE_3BYTE_BGR);

            WritableRaster raster = image.getRaster();
            DataBufferByte dataBuffer = (DataBufferByte) raster.getDataBuffer();
            byte[] data = dataBuffer.getData();
            matrix.get(0, 0, data);
            this.matrix = matrix;

            // Creating the Writable Image
            WritableImage = SwingFXUtils.toFXImage(image, null);
         }
      }
      return WritableImage;
   }
   public void saveImage() {
      // Saving the Image
      String file = "F:/worksp/opencv/images/sanpshot.jpg";

      // Instantiating the imgcodecs class
      Imgcodecs imageCodecs = new Imgcodecs();

      // Saving it again 
      imageCodecs.imwrite(file, matrix);
   }
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      launch(args);
   }
}

執行上面示例代碼,得到以下結果 -
OpenCV使用攝像頭

如果打開指定的路徑,可以觀察到保存一個.jpg文件(F:/worksp/opencv/images/sanpshot.jpg)。

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