OpenCV繪製折線

可以使用imgproc類的polylines()方法在圖像上繪製多段線。 以下是此方法的語法。

polylines(img, pts, isClosed, color, thickness)

該方法接受以下參數 -

  • mat - 表示要在其上繪製矩形的圖像的Mat對象。
  • pts - 包含MatOfPoint類型的對象的List對象。
  • isClosed - 指定折線的布爾型類型的參數是否爲關閉的。
  • color - 表示矩形顏色的標量對象(BGR)。
  • thickness - 表示矩形厚度的整數; 默認情況下,厚度值爲1

MatOfPoint類的構造函數接受類Point的對象。

MatOfPoint(Point... a)

示例

以下程序演示如何在圖像上繪製多段線並使用JavaFX窗口顯示它。

package yiibai.com;

import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;

import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.InputStream;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import javax.imageio.ImageIO;

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.embed.swing.SwingFXUtils;
import javafx.scene.Group;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.image.ImageView;
import javafx.scene.image.WritableImage;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

import org.opencv.core.Core;
import org.opencv.core.Mat;
import org.opencv.core.MatOfByte;
import org.opencv.core.MatOfPoint;
import org.opencv.core.Point;
import org.opencv.core.Scalar;
import org.opencv.imgcodecs.Imgcodecs;
import org.opencv.imgproc.Imgproc;

public class DrawingPolyLines extends Application {
   Mat matrix = null;

   @Override
   public void start(Stage stage) throws Exception {
      // Capturing the snapshot from the camera
      DrawingPolyLines obj = new DrawingPolyLines();
      WritableImage writableImage = obj.LoadImage();

      // Setting the image view
      ImageView imageView = new ImageView(writableImage);

      // setting the fit height and width of the image view
      imageView.setFitHeight(600);
      imageView.setFitWidth(600);

      // Setting the preserve ratio of the image view
      imageView.setPreserveRatio(true);

      // Creating a Group object
      Group root = new Group(imageView);

      // Creating a scene object
      Scene scene = new Scene(root, 600, 400);

      // Setting title to the Stage
      stage.setTitle("清水灣海邊圖片繪製折線");

      // Adding scene to the stage
      stage.setScene(scene);

      // Displaying the contents of the stage
      stage.show();
   }      
   public WritableImage LoadImage() throws Exception {
      // Loading the OpenCV core library
      System.loadLibrary( Core.NATIVE_LIBRARY_NAME );

      // Reading the Image from the file and storing it in to a Matrix object
      String file ="F:/worksp/opencv/images/sample2.jpg";
      Mat matrix = Imgcodecs.imread(file);

      List<MatOfPoint> list = new ArrayList();
      list.add(
         new MatOfPoint (
            new Point(75, 100), new Point(350, 100),
            new Point(75, 150), new Point(350, 150),
            new Point(75, 200), new Point(350, 200),
            new Point(75, 250), new Point(350, 250)
         )
      );
      // Drawing polylines
      Imgproc.polylines (
         matrix,                    // Matrix obj of the image
         list,                      // java.util.List<MatOfPoint> pts
         false,                     // isClosed
         new Scalar(0, 0, 255),     // Scalar object for color
         2                          // Thickness of the line
      );
      // Encoding the image
      MatOfByte matOfByte = new MatOfByte();
      Imgcodecs.imencode(".jpg", matrix, matOfByte);

      // Storing the encoded Mat in a byte array
      byte[] byteArray = matOfByte.toArray();

      // Displaying the image
      InputStream in = new ByteArrayInputStream(byteArray);
      BufferedImage bufImage = ImageIO.read(in);

      this.matrix = matrix;

      // Creating the Writable Image
      WritableImage writableImage = SwingFXUtils.toFXImage(bufImage, null);
      return writableImage;
   }
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      launch(args);
   }
}

在執行上述程序時,您將得到以下輸出 -

OpenCV繪製折線

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