JPA JPQL批量數據操作

在上一節中,我們只提取了單列的值。 現在,我們將學習如何處理批量數據並執行相應的操作。

假設當前student表有如下數據 -

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `student`;
CREATE TABLE `student` (
  `S_ID` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `S_NAME` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  `S_AGE` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`S_ID`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

-- ----------------------------
-- Records of student
-- ----------------------------
INSERT INTO `student` VALUES ('101', 'Gaurav', '24');
INSERT INTO `student` VALUES ('102', 'Rahul', '22');
INSERT INTO `student` VALUES ('103', 'Chris', '20');
INSERT INTO `student` VALUES ('104', 'Ronit', '26');
INSERT INTO `student` VALUES ('105', 'Roy', '21');

JPQL批量數據示例

在這個例子中,我們將採用一個基本的實體類(StudentEntity.java)並對其執行不同的操作。

com.yiibai.jpa包下創建一個名爲StudentEntity.java的實體類。

文件:StudentEntity.java -

package com.yiibai.jpa;

import javax.persistence.*;

@Entity
@Table(name = "student")
public class StudentEntity {

    @Id
    private int s_id;
    private String s_name;
    private int s_age;

    public StudentEntity(int s_id, String s_name, int s_age) {
        super();
        this.s_id = s_id;
        this.s_name = s_name;
        this.s_age = s_age;
    }

    public StudentEntity() {
        super();
    }

    public int getS_id() {
        return s_id;
    }

    public void setS_id(int s_id) {
        this.s_id = s_id;
    }

    public String getS_name() {
        return s_name;
    }

    public void setS_name(String s_name) {
        this.s_name = s_name;
    }

    public int getS_age() {
        return s_age;
    }

    public void setS_age(int s_age) {
        this.s_age = s_age;
    }

}

現在,將實體類和其他數據庫配置映射到persistence.xml文件中。

文件:Persistence.xml -

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<persistence version="2.1"
    xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/persistence"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/persistence http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/persistence/persistence_2_1.xsd">
    <persistence-unit name="Student_details">
        <class>com.yiibai.jpa.StudentEntity</class>  
        <properties>
            <property name="javax.persistence.jdbc.driver"
                value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" />
            <property name="javax.persistence.jdbc.url"
                value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/testdb?serverTimezone=UTC" />
            <property name="javax.persistence.jdbc.user" value="root" />
            <property name="javax.persistence.jdbc.password"
                value="123456" />
            <property name="eclipselink.logging.level" value="SEVERE" />
            <property name="eclipselink.ddl-generation"
                value="create-or-extend-tables" />
        </properties>
    </persistence-unit>

</persistence>

StudentEntity.java 類上執行以下操作。

1. JPQL提取記錄

在這裏,我們將從數據庫中提取所有記錄。

文件:FetchData.java -

package com.yiibai.jpa.jpql;

import com.yiibai.jpa.StudentEntity;
import javax.persistence.*;
import java.util.*;

public class FetchData {

    public static void main(String args[]) {

        EntityManagerFactory emf = Persistence.createEntityManagerFactory("Student_details");
        EntityManager em = emf.createEntityManager();
        em.getTransaction().begin();

        Query query = em.createQuery("Select s from StudentEntity s ");

        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        List<StudentEntity> list = (List<StudentEntity>) query.getResultList();

        System.out.print("s_id");
        System.out.print("\t s_name");
        System.out.println("\t s_age");

        for (StudentEntity s : list) {
            System.out.print(s.getS_id());
            System.out.print("\t" + s.getS_name());
            System.out.print("\t" + s.getS_age());
            System.out.println();
        }
        em.getTransaction().commit();
        em.close();
        emf.close();
    }
}

執行上面示例代碼,得到以下結果 -

s_id     s_name     s_age
101    Gaurav    24
102    Rahul    22
103    Chris    20
104    Ronit    26
105    Roy    21

2. JPQL更新記錄

在這裏,我們將更新數據庫中的記錄。

文件:UpdateData.java -

package com.yiibai.jpa.jpql;

import javax.persistence.*;

public class UpdataData {

    public static void main(String args[]) {

        EntityManagerFactory emf = Persistence.createEntityManagerFactory("Student_details");
        EntityManager em = emf.createEntityManager();
        em.getTransaction().begin();

        Query query = em.createQuery("update StudentEntity SET s_age=25 where s_id>103");
        query.executeUpdate();

        em.getTransaction().commit();
        em.close();
        emf.close();
    }
}

執行上面示例代碼後,在MySQL工作臺下生成以下student表。 要查看數據,請在MySQL中運行select * from student

mysql> select * from student;
+------+--------+-------+
| S_ID | S_NAME | S_AGE |
+------+--------+-------+
|  101 | Gaurav |    24 |
|  102 | Rahul  |    22 |
|  103 | Chris  |    20 |
|  104 | Ronit  |    25 |
|  105 | Roy    |    25 |
+------+--------+-------+
5 rows in set

3. JPQL刪除記錄

在這裏,我們將從數據庫中刪除特定的記錄。

文件:DeleteData.java -

package com.yiibai.jpa.jpql;

import javax.persistence.*;

public class DeleteData {

    public static void main(String args[]) {

        EntityManagerFactory emf = Persistence.createEntityManagerFactory("Student_details");
        EntityManager em = emf.createEntityManager();
        em.getTransaction().begin();

        Query query = em.createQuery("delete from StudentEntity where s_id=102");

        query.executeUpdate();

        em.getTransaction().commit();
        em.close();
        emf.close();
    }
}

執行上面示例代碼後,在MySQL工作臺下生成以下student表。 要查看數據,請在MySQL中運行select * from student。如下結果 -

mysql> select * from student;
+------+--------+-------+
| S_ID | S_NAME | S_AGE |
+------+--------+-------+
|  101 | Gaurav |    24 |
|  103 | Chris  |    20 |
|  104 | Ronit  |    25 |
|  105 | Roy    |    25 |
+------+--------+-------+
4 rows in set
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