HttpClient重定向處理示例

HttpClient自動處理所有類型的重定向,除了HTTP規範明確禁止的那些重定向需要用戶干預。 請參閱其他(狀態碼303)在POST上重定向,並且按照HTTP規範的要求將PUT請求轉換爲GET請求。 可以使用自定義重定向策略來放寬由HTTP規範施加的對POST方法的自動重定向的限制。 在下面的教程中,我們將使用LaxRedirectStrategy來處理http重定向。

Maven依賴關係

我們使用maven來管理依賴關係,並使用Apache HttpClient 4.5版本。 將以下依賴項添加到您的項目中。

pom.xml 文件的內容如下 -

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0
                             http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">

    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <groupId>com.yiibai.httpclient.httmethods</groupId>
    <artifactId>http-get</artifactId>
    <version>1.0.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <url>https://memorynotfound.com</url>
    <name>httpclient - ${project.artifactId}</name>

    <dependencies>
        <!-- Apache Commons IO -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
            <artifactId>httpclient</artifactId>
            <version>4.5.2</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.5.1</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.8</source>
                    <target>1.8</target>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

</project>

重定向處理示例

在下面的例子中,我們對資源 http://httpbin.org/redirect/3 進行 HTTP GET。 此資源重新導向到另一個資源x次。可以使用URIUtils.resolve(httpGet.getURI(), target, redirectLocations)來獲取最終的Http位置。

文件:HttpClientRedirectHandlingExample.java -

package com.yiibai.httpdemo;

import org.apache.http.HttpHost;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.protocol.HttpClientContext;
import org.apache.http.client.utils.URIUtils;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.LaxRedirectStrategy;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.URI;
import java.net.URISyntaxException;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * This example demonstrates the use of {@link HttpGet} request method.
 * and handling redirect strategy with {@link LaxRedirectStrategy}
 */
public class HttpClientRedirectHandlingExample {

    public static void main(String... args) throws IOException, URISyntaxException {

        CloseableHttpClient httpclient = HttpClients.custom()
                .setRedirectStrategy(new LaxRedirectStrategy())
                .build();

        try {
            HttpClientContext context = HttpClientContext.create();
            HttpGet httpGet = new HttpGet("http://httpbin.org/redirect/3");
            System.out.println("Executing request " + httpGet.getRequestLine());
            System.out.println("----------------------------------------");

            httpclient.execute(httpGet, context);
            HttpHost target = context.getTargetHost();
            List<URI> redirectLocations = context.getRedirectLocations();
            URI location = URIUtils.resolve(httpGet.getURI(), target, redirectLocations);
            System.out.println("Final HTTP location: " + location.toASCIIString());

        } finally {
            httpclient.close();
        }
    }
}

執行上面示例代碼,得到以下結果 -

Executing request GET http://httpbin.org/redirect/3 HTTP/1.1
----------------------------------------
Final HTTP location: http://httpbin.org/get
0 條評論,你可以發表評論,我們會進行改進
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