HttpClient HttpRequestRetryHandler示例

在以下示例中,我們演示瞭如何創建自定義HttpRequestRetryHandler以啓用自定義異常恢復機制。 當使用這個接口時,需要實現retryRequest方法。 這使我們能夠定義一個自定義的重試計數機制和異常恢復機制。 看看下面的教程是如何實現的。

Maven依賴關係

我們使用maven來管理依賴關係,並使用Apache HttpClient 4.5版本。 將以下依賴項添加到您的項目中。

pom.xml 文件的內容如下 -

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0
                             http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">

    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <groupId>com.yiibai.httpclient.httmethods</groupId>
    <artifactId>http-get</artifactId>
    <version>1.0.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <url>https://memorynotfound.com</url>
    <name>httpclient - ${project.artifactId}</name>

    <dependencies>
        <!-- Apache Commons IO -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
            <artifactId>httpclient</artifactId>
            <version>4.5.2</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.5.1</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.8</source>
                    <target>1.8</target>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

</project>

HttpRequestRetryHandler示例

我們實現HttpRequestRetryHandler接口來實現自定義重試和異常恢復機制。 這使我們能夠跟蹤發送請求的次數,然後再將其處理爲相應的異常機制。

文件:HttpClientRetryHandlerExample.java -

package com.yiibai.httpdemo;


import org.apache.http.HttpEntityEnclosingRequest;
import org.apache.http.HttpRequest;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpRequestRetryHandler;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.protocol.HttpClientContext;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InterruptedIOException;
import java.net.UnknownHostException;

/**
 * This example demonstrates the use of {@link HttpRequestRetryHandler}.
 */
public class HttpClientRetryHandlerExample {

    public static void main(String... args) throws IOException {

        CloseableHttpClient httpclient = HttpClients.custom()
                .setRetryHandler(retryHandler())
                .build();

        try {
            HttpGet httpget = new HttpGet("http://localhost:1234");
            System.out.println("Executing request " + httpget.getRequestLine());
            httpclient.execute(httpget);
            System.out.println("----------------------------------------");
            System.out.println("Request finished");
        } finally {
            httpclient.close();
        }
    }

    private static HttpRequestRetryHandler retryHandler(){
        return (exception, executionCount, context) -> {

            System.out.println("try request: " + executionCount);

            if (executionCount >= 5) {
                // Do not retry if over max retry count
                return false;
            }
            if (exception instanceof InterruptedIOException) {
                // Timeout
                return false;
            }
            if (exception instanceof UnknownHostException) {
                // Unknown host
                return false;
            }
            if (exception instanceof SSLException) {
                // SSL handshake exception
                return false;
            }
            HttpClientContext clientContext = HttpClientContext.adapt(context);
            HttpRequest request = clientContext.getRequest();
            boolean idempotent = !(request instanceof HttpEntityEnclosingRequest);
            if (idempotent) {
                // Retry if the request is considered idempotent
                return true;
            }
            return false;
        };
    }
}

執行上面示例代碼,得到以下結果 -

Executing request GET http://localhost:1234 HTTP/1.1
try request: 1
try request: 2
try request: 3
try request: 4
try request: 5
Exception in thread "main" org.apache.http.conn.HttpHostConnectException: Connect to localhost:1234 [localhost/127.0.0.1, localhost/0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1] failed: Connection refused: connect
    at org.apache.http.impl.conn.DefaultHttpClientConnectionOperator.connect(DefaultHttpClientConnectionOperator.java:159)
    at org.apache.http.impl.conn.PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager.connect(PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager.java:373)
    at org.apache.http.impl.execchain.MainClientExec.establishRoute(MainClientExec.java:381)
    at org.apache.http.impl.execchain.MainClientExec.execute(MainClientExec.java:237)
    at org.apache.http.impl.execchain.ProtocolExec.execute(ProtocolExec.java:185)
    at org.apache.http.impl.execchain.RetryExec.execute(RetryExec.java:89)
    at org.apache.http.impl.execchain.RedirectExec.execute(RedirectExec.java:111)
    at org.apache.http.impl.client.InternalHttpClient.doExecute(InternalHttpClient.java:185)
    at org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient.execute(CloseableHttpClient.java:83)
    at org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient.execute(CloseableHttpClient.java:108)
    at com.yiibai.httpdemo.HttpClientRetryHandlerExample.main(HttpClientRetryHandlerExample.java:30)
Caused by: java.net.ConnectException: Connection refused: connect
    at java.net.DualStackPlainSocketImpl.connect0(Native Method)
    at java.net.DualStackPlainSocketImpl.socketConnect(Unknown Source)
    at java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.doConnect(Unknown Source)
    at java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.connectToAddress(Unknown Source)
    at java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.connect(Unknown Source)
    at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.connect(Unknown Source)
    at java.net.SocksSocketImpl.connect(Unknown Source)
    at java.net.Socket.connect(Unknown Source)
    at org.apache.http.conn.socket.PlainConnectionSocketFactory.connectSocket(PlainConnectionSocketFactory.java:75)
    at org.apache.http.impl.conn.DefaultHttpClientConnectionOperator.connect(DefaultHttpClientConnectionOperator.java:142)
    ... 10 more
0 條評論,你可以發表評論,我們會進行改進
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