EasyMock createMock


到目前爲止,我們已經使用註解來創建Mocks。 EasyMock提供了各種方法來創建模擬對象。 EasyMock.createMock()創建的模擬,但沒有理會方法的順序調用模擬會在作出其行動的適當時機。

語法

calcService = EasyMock.createMock(CalculatorService.class);	

示例

創建一個接口CalculatorService,其目的是提供各種計算相關的功能。

CalculatorService.java
public interface CalculatorService {
   public double add(double input1, double input2);
   public double subtract(double input1, double input2);
   public double multiply(double input1, double input2);
   public double divide(double input1, double input2);
}

創建一個Java類用來表示MathApplication。

MathApplication.java
public class MathApplication {
   private CalculatorService calcService;

   public void setCalculatorService(CalculatorService calcService){
      this.calcService = calcService;
   }
   public double add(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.add(input1, input2);		
   }
   public double subtract(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.subtract(input1, input2);
   }
   public double multiply(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.multiply(input1, input2);
   }
   public double divide(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.divide(input1, input2);
   }
}

讓我們來測試MathApplication類,通過它注入CalculatorService作一個模擬。Mock將由EasyMock創建。

在這裏,我們已經添加了兩個模擬方法調用,add()和subtract()來模擬對象,通過expect()。但在測試過程中,我們調用Add()方法前調用subtract()。當我們創建模擬對象使用EasyMock.createMock(),以便執行方法。

MathApplicationTester.java
import org.easymock.EasyMock;
import org.easymock.EasyMockRunner;
import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;

@RunWith(EasyMockRunner.class)
public class MathApplicationTester {
	
   private MathApplication mathApplication;
   private CalculatorService calcService;
   
   @Before
   public void setUp(){
      mathApplication = new MathApplication();
      calcService = EasyMock.createMock(CalculatorService.class);
      mathApplication.setCalculatorService(calcService);
   }

   @Test
   public void testAddAndSubstract(){
      //add the behavior to add numbers
      EasyMock.expect(calcService.add(20.0,10.0)).andReturn(30.0);
      //subtract the behavior to subtract numbers
      EasyMock.expect(calcService.subtract(20.0,10.0)).andReturn(10.0);
      //activate the mock
      EasyMock.replay(calcService);	
	  //test the substract functionality
      Assert.assertEquals(mathApplication.subtract(20.0, 10.0),10.0,0);
      //test the add functionality
      Assert.assertEquals(mathApplication.add(20.0, 10.0),30.0,0);
      //verify call to calcService is made or not
      EasyMock.verify(calcService);
   }
}

創建一個Java類在文件夾 C:\ > EasyMock_WORKSPACE 執行測試用例

TestRunner.java
import org.junit.runner.JUnitCore;
import org.junit.runner.Result;
import org.junit.runner.notification.Failure;

public class TestRunner {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Result result = JUnitCore.runClasses(MathApplicationTester.class);
      for (Failure failure : result.getFailures()) {
         System.out.println(failure.toString());
      }
      System.out.println(result.wasSuccessful());
   }
}  	

驗證結果

使用javac編譯如下類

C:\EasyMock_WORKSPACE>javac MathApplicationTester.java

現在運行測試運行看結果

C:\EasyMock_WORKSPACE>java TestRunner

驗證輸出

true