Spring服務器(單元測試)

在本章中,我們將學習如何對使用Spring WS創建的Web應用程序服務進行單元測試。

我們先來看看完整的目錄結構 -

Spring服務器(單元測試)

請參考以下步驟實現單元測試 -

第1步 : 更新在Spring WS編寫服務器章節中創建的項目:countryService。 添加一個src/test/java文件夾。
第2步 : 在 - src/test/java/com/yiibai/ws文件夾下創建一個類:CustomerEndPointTest.java,然後更新pom.xml,如下所述。

第3步 :在src/main/resources子文件夾下添加spring-context.xml

第4步 :最後一步是爲所有源文件和配置文件創建內容並按照下面的說明測試應用程序。

文件:pom.xml -

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <groupId>com.yiibai</groupId>
    <artifactId>countryService</artifactId>
    <packaging>war</packaging>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>countryService Maven Webapp</name>
    <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.ws</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-ws-core</artifactId>
            <version>2.4.0.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
            <version>2.5</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.ws</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-ws-test</artifactId>
            <version>2.4.0.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
            <version>3.1.2.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>jdom</groupId>
            <artifactId>jdom</artifactId>
            <version>1.0</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>jaxen</groupId>
            <artifactId>jaxen</artifactId>
            <version>1.1</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>wsdl4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>wsdl4j</artifactId>
            <version>1.6.2</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>4.5</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
    <build>
        <finalName>countryService</finalName>
        <defaultGoal>compile</defaultGoal>
    </build>
</project>

文件:spring-context.xml -

<beans xmlns = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xmlns:context = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
   xmlns:sws = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/web-services"
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans

   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/web-services
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/web-services/web-services-2.0.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd">

   <context:component-scan base-package = "com.yiibai"/>
   <sws:annotation-driven/>

   <bean id = "schema" class = "org.springframework.core.io.ClassPathResource">
      <constructor-arg index = "0" value = "countries.xsd" />
   </bean>
</beans>

文件:CustomerEndPointTest.java -

package com.yiibai.ws;

import javax.xml.transform.Source;

import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.test.context.ContextConfiguration;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner;
import org.springframework.ws.test.server.MockWebServiceClient;
import org.springframework.xml.transform.StringSource;

import static org.springframework.ws.test.server.RequestCreators.withPayload;
import static org.springframework.ws.test.server.ResponseMatchers.payload;

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration(locations = "/spring-context.xml")
public class CustomerEndPointTest {
    @Autowired
    private ApplicationContext applicationContext;
    private MockWebServiceClient mockClient;

    @Before
    public void createClient() {
        mockClient = MockWebServiceClient.createClient(applicationContext);
        GenericApplicationContext ctx = (GenericApplicationContext) applicationContext;
        final XmlBeanDefinitionReader definitionReader = new XmlBeanDefinitionReader(ctx);
        definitionReader.setValidationMode(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.VALIDATION_NONE);
        definitionReader.setNamespaceAware(true);
    }

    @Test
    public void testCountryEndpoint() throws Exception {
        Source requestPayload = new StringSource("<getCountryRequest xmlns = 'http://www.yiibai/schemas'>"
                + "<name>United States</name>" + "</getCountryRequest>");
        Source responsePayload = new StringSource("<getCountryResponse xmlns='http://www.yiibai/schemas'>"
                + "<country>" + "<name>United States</name>" + "<population>46704314</population>"
                + "<capital>Washington</capital>" + "<currency>USD</currency>" + "</country>"
                + "</getCountryResponse>");
        mockClient.sendRequest(withPayload(requestPayload)).andExpect(payload(responsePayload));
    }
}

構建項目

打開Eclipse,在項目名稱上右鍵,選擇菜單:Run As… ,然後選擇:Maven test , 運行結果如下 -

[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]                                                                         
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building countryService Maven Webapp 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:resources (default-resources) @ countryService ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (GBK actually) to copy filtered resources, i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] Copying 8 resources
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:compile (default-compile) @ countryService ---
[INFO] Nothing to compile - all classes are up to date
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:testResources (default-testResources) @ countryService ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (GBK actually) to copy filtered resources, i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] skip non existing resourceDirectory D:\eclipse-workspace\countryService\countryService\src\test\resources
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:testCompile (default-testCompile) @ countryService ---
[INFO] Nothing to compile - all classes are up to date
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-surefire-plugin:2.12.4:test (default-test) @ countryService ---
[INFO] Surefire report directory: D:\eclipse-workspace\countryService\countryService\target\surefire-reports
[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-junit4/2.12.4/surefire-junit4-2.12.4.pom
[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-junit4/2.12.4/surefire-junit4-2.12.4.pom (3 KB at 1.3 KB/sec)
[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-providers/2.12.4/surefire-providers-2.12.4.pom
[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-providers/2.12.4/surefire-providers-2.12.4.pom (3 KB at 6.5 KB/sec)
[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-junit4/2.12.4/surefire-junit4-2.12.4.jar
[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-junit4/2.12.4/surefire-junit4-2.12.4.jar (37 KB at 58.1 KB/sec)

-------------------------------------------------------
 T E S T S
-------------------------------------------------------
Running com.yiibai.ws.CustomerEndPointTest
五月 30, 2018 9:16:39 上午 org.springframework.test.context.TestContextManager retrieveTestExecutionListeners
信息: @TestExecutionListeners is not present for class [class com.yiibai.ws.CustomerEndPointTest]: using defaults.
五月 30, 2018 9:16:39 上午 org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader loadBeanDefinitions
信息: Loading XML bean definitions from class path resource [spring-context.xml]
五月 30, 2018 9:16:39 上午 org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext prepareRefresh
信息: Refreshing [email protected]33ce2c: startup date [Wed May 30 09:16:39 CST 2018]; root of context hierarchy
五月 30, 2018 9:16:40 上午 org.springframework.ws.soap.addressing.server.AnnotationActionEndpointMapping afterPropertiesSet
信息: Supporting [WS-Addressing August 2004, WS-Addressing 1.0]
五月 30, 2018 9:16:40 上午 org.springframework.ws.soap.saaj.SaajSoapMessageFactory afterPropertiesSet
信息: Creating SAAJ 1.3 MessageFactory with SOAP 1.1 Protocol
五月 30, 2018 9:16:41 上午 org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext doClose
信息: Closing [email protected]33ce2c: startup date [Wed May 30 09:16:39 CST 2018]; root of context hierarchy
Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 2.167 sec

Results :

Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 7.695 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2018-05-30T09:16:41+08:00
[INFO] Final Memory: 13M/138M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------