Spring客戶端(單元測試)

在本章中,我們將學習如何對使用Spring WS的Spring WS編寫服務器章節中創建的Web應用程序服務器的Spring WS編寫客戶器中創建的客戶端進行單元測試。

參考以下實現步驟:

第1步: 按照Spring WS編寫服務器章節中的項目countryService 說明更新com.yiibai包。

第2步: 在文件夾src/test/java 下的com.yiibai包下創建一個文件:CountryServiceClientTest.java ,如以下步驟中所述。

文件:CountryServiceClientTest.java 的內容如下 -

package com.yiibai;

import static org.junit.Assert.*;

import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.springframework.oxm.jaxb.Jaxb2Marshaller;

import com.yiibai.client.CountryServiceClient;

public class CountryServiceClientTest {
   CountryServiceClient client;

   @Before
   public void setUp() throws Exception {
      client = new CountryServiceClient();
      Jaxb2Marshaller marshaller = new Jaxb2Marshaller();
      marshaller.setContextPath("com.yiibai");
      client.setMarshaller(marshaller);
      client.setUnmarshaller(marshaller);
   }
   @Test
   public void test() {
      GetCountryResponse response = client.getCountryDetails("United States");
      Country expectedCountry = new Country();
      expectedCountry.setCapital("Washington");
      Country actualCountry = response.getCountry();
      Assert.assertEquals(expectedCountry.getCapital(), actualCountry.getCapital());
   }
}

啓動Web服務

啓動Tomcat服務器,並確保能夠使用標準瀏覽器從webapps文件夾訪問其他網頁。

單元測試Web服務客戶端

打開命令控制檯,進入到項目countryService目錄,並執行以下mvn命令。

C:\MVN\countryService>mvn test

Maven將開始構建和測試項目,如果程序沒有問題可以看到以下輸出結果 -

[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building countryService Spring-WS Application 1.0-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:resources (default-resources) @ countrySer
vice ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (Cp1252 actually) to copy filtered resources,
i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] Copying 2 resources
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:compile (default-compile) @ countryService
---
[INFO] Changes detected - recompiling the module!
[WARNING] File encoding has not been set, using platform encoding Cp1252, i.e. b
uild is platform dependent!
[INFO] Compiling 10 source files to C:\MVN\countryService\target\classes
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:testResources (default-testResources) @ co
untryService ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (Cp1252 actually) to copy filtered resources,
i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] skip non existing resourceDirectory C:\MVN\countryService\src\test\resour
ces
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:testCompile (default-testCompile) @ country
Service ---
[INFO] Changes detected - recompiling the module!
[WARNING] File encoding has not been set, using platform encoding Cp1252, i.e. b
uild is platform dependent!
[INFO] Compiling 2 source files to C:\MVN\countryService\target\test-classes
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-surefire-plugin:2.12.4:test (default-test) @ countryService ---

[INFO] Surefire report directory: C:\MVN\countryService\target\surefire-reports

-------------------------------------------------------
 T E S T S
-------------------------------------------------------
Running com.yiibai.CountryServiceClientTest
Feb 27, 2017 8:45:26 PM org.springframework.ws.soap.saaj.SaajSoapMessageFactory
afterPropertiesSet
INFO: Creating SAAJ 1.3 MessageFactory with SOAP 1.1 Protocol
Feb 27, 2017 8:45:26 PM org.springframework.oxm.jaxb.Jaxb2Marshaller createJaxbC
ontextFromContextPath
INFO: Creating JAXBContext with context path [com.yiibai]
Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 0.457 sec
Running com.yiibai.ws.CustomerEndPointTest
Feb 27, 2017 8:45:27 PM org.springframework.test.context.TestContextManager retr
ieveTestExecutionListeners
INFO: @TestExecutionListeners is not present for class [class com.yiibai
.ws.CustomerEndPointTest]: using defaults.
Feb 27, 2017 8:45:27 PM org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionR
eader loadBeanDefinitions
INFO: Loading XML bean definitions from class path resource [spring-context.xml]

Feb 27, 2017 8:45:27 PM org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationCo
ntext prepareRefresh
INFO: Refreshing [email protected]
17c642: startup date [Mon Feb 27 20:45:27 IST 2017]; root of context hierarchy
Feb 27, 2017 8:45:28 PM org.springframework.ws.soap.addressing.server.Annotation
ActionEndpointMapping afterPropertiesSet
INFO: Supporting [WS-Addressing August 2004, WS-Addressing 1.0]
Feb 27, 2017 8:45:28 PM org.springframework.ws.soap.saaj.SaajSoapMessageFactory
afterPropertiesSet
INFO: Creating SAAJ 1.3 MessageFactory with SOAP 1.1 Protocol
Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 1.243 sec
Feb 27, 2017 8:45:28 PM org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationCo
ntext doClose
INFO: Closing [email protected]7c
642: startup date [Mon Feb 27 20:45:27 IST 2017]; root of context hierarchy

Results :

Tests run: 2, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 5.686 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2017-02-27T20:45:28+05:30
[INFO] Final Memory: 17M/173M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------