DBUtils自定義行處理器

如果數據庫表中的列名和等價的javabean對象名稱不相似,那麼我們可以通過使用自定義的BasicRowProcessor對象來映射它們。 看下面的例子。

爲了理解上述與DBUtils相關的概念,讓我們編寫一個將運行讀取查詢的示例。創建一個示例應用程序。

  1. 更新在DBUtils入門程序中創建的文件:MainApp.java。
  2. 按照下面的說明編譯並運行應用程序。

以下是Employee.java的內容。

public class Employee {
   private int id;
   private int age;
   private String first;
   private String last;
   private String name;
   public int getId() {
      return id;
   }
   public void setId(int id) {
      this.id = id;
   }
   public int getAge() {
      return age;
   }
   public void setAge(int age) {
      this.age = age;
   }
   public String getFirst() {
      return first;
   }
   public void setFirst(String first) {
      this.first = first;
   }
   public String getLast() {
      return last;
   }
   public void setLast(String last) {
      this.last = last;
   }
   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }
   public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
   }
}

以下是EmployeeHandler.java文件的內容。

import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import org.apache.commons.dbutils.handlers.BeanHandler;
import org.apache.commons.dbutils.BeanProcessor;
import org.apache.commons.dbutils.BasicRowProcessor;

public class EmployeeHandler extends BeanHandler<Employee> {

   public EmployeeHandler() {
      super(Employee.class, new BasicRowProcessor(new BeanProcessor(mapColumnsToFields())));
   }

   @Override
   public Employee handle(ResultSet rs) throws SQLException {
      Employee employee = super.handle(rs);
      employee.setName(employee.getFirst() +", " + employee.getLast());
      return employee;
   }

   public static Map<String, String> mapColumnsToFields() {
      Map<String, String> columnsToFieldsMap = new HashMap<>();
      columnsToFieldsMap.put("ID", "id");
      columnsToFieldsMap.put("AGE", "age");        
      return columnsToFieldsMap;
   }
}

以下是MainApp.java文件的內容。

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;

import org.apache.commons.dbutils.DbUtils;
import org.apache.commons.dbutils.QueryRunner;

public class MainApp {
   // JDBC driver name and database URL
   static final String JDBC_DRIVER = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";  
   static final String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/emp";

   //  Database credentials
   static final String USER = "root";
   static final String PASS = "admin";

   public static void main(String[] args) throws SQLException {
      Connection conn = null;
      QueryRunner queryRunner = new QueryRunner();      
      DbUtils.loadDriver(JDBC_DRIVER);                 
      conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, USER, PASS);        
      EmployeeHandler employeeHandler = new EmployeeHandler();

      try {
         Employee emp = queryRunner.query(conn, "SELECT * FROM employees WHERE first=?",
           employeeHandler, "Sumit");

         //Display values
         System.out.print("ID: " + emp.getId());
         System.out.print(", Age: " + emp.getAge());
         System.out.print(", Name: " + emp.getName());
      } finally {
         DbUtils.close(conn);
      }              
   }
}

完成創建源文件後,運行該應用程序。 如果你的應用程序一切正常,它將打印下面的消息。

ID: 103, Age: 28, Name: Sumit, Mittal
0 條評論,你可以發表評論,我們會進行改進
Comment author placeholder